Stability Prediction for Mutations in the Cytosolic Domains of Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator.

TitleStability Prediction for Mutations in the Cytosolic Domains of Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsBahia MSingh, Khazanov N, Zhou Q, Yang Z, Wang C, Hong JS, Rab A, Sorscher EJ, Brouillette CG, Hunt JF, Senderowitz H
JournalJ Chem Inf Model
Date Published2021 Apr 26
KeywordsAdenosine Triphosphate, Binding Sites, Cystic Fibrosis, Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator, Humans, Ion Transport, Mutation

Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations to the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) chloride channel. CFTR is composed of two membrane spanning domains, two cytosolic nucleotide-binding domains (NBD1 and NBD2) and a largely unstructured R-domain. Multiple CF-causing mutations reside in the NBDs and some are known to compromise the stability of these domains. The ability to predict the effect of mutations on the stability of the cytosolic domains of CFTR and to shed light on the mechanisms by which they exert their effect is therefore important in CF research. With this in mind, we have predicted the effect on domain stability of 59 mutations in NBD1 and NBD2 using 15 different algorithms and evaluated their performances via comparison to experimental data using several metrics including the correct classification rate (CCR), and the squared Pearson correlation () and Spearman's correlation (ρ) calculated between the experimental Δ values and the computationally predicted ΔΔ values. Overall, the best results were obtained with FoldX and Rosetta. For NBD1 (35 mutations), FoldX provided and ρ values of 0.64 and -0.71, respectively, with an 86% correct classification rate (CCR). For NBD2 (24 mutations), FoldX , ρ, and CCR were 0.51, -0.73, and 75%, respectively. Application of the Rosetta high-resolution protocol (Rosetta_hrp) to NBD1 yielded , ρ, and CCR of 0.64, -0.75, and 69%, respectively, and for NBD2 yielded , ρ, and CCR of 0.29, -0.27, and 50%, respectively. The corresponding numbers for the Rosetta's low-resolution protocol (Rosetta_lrp) were = 0.47, ρ = -0.69, and CCR = 69% for NBD1 and = 0.27, ρ = -0.24, and CCR = 63% for NBD2. For NBD1, both algorithms suggest that destabilizing mutations suffer from destabilizing vdW clashes, whereas stabilizing mutations benefit from favorable H-bond interactions. Two triple consensus approaches based on FoldX, Rosetta_lpr, and Rosetta_hpr were attempted using either "majority-voting" or "all-voting". The all-voting consensus outperformed the individual predictors, albeit on a smaller data set. In summary, our results suggest that the effect of mutations on the stability of CFTR's NBDs could be largely predicted. Since NBDs are common to all ABC transporters, these results may find use in predicting the effect and mechanism of the action of multiple disease-causing mutations in other proteins.

Alternate JournalJ Chem Inf Model
PubMed ID33720715
Grant ListR01 HL139876 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States