Defining the HIV Capsid Binding Site of Nucleoporin 153.

TitleDefining the HIV Capsid Binding Site of Nucleoporin 153.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsLi S, Patel JSuresh, Yang J, Crabtree AMarie, Rubenstein BMarilyn, Lund-Andersen PKarl, Ytreberg FMarty, Rowley PAndrew
Date Published2022 Oct 26
KeywordsAmino Acids, Animals, Binding Sites, Capsid, Capsid Proteins, Glycine, HIV Infections, HIV-1, Humans, Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins, Phenylalanine

The interaction between the HIV-1 capsid and human nucleoporin 153 (NUP153) is vital for delivering the HIV-1 preintegration complex into the nucleus via the nuclear pore complex. The interaction with the capsid requires a phenylalanine/glycine-containing motif in the C-terminus of NUP153 (NUP153C). This study used molecular modeling and biochemical assays to comprehensively determine the amino acids in NUP153 that are important for capsid interaction. Molecular dynamics, FoldX, and PyRosetta simulations delineated the minimal capsid binding motif of NUP153 based on the known structure of NUP153 bound to the HIV-1 capsid hexamer. Computational predictions were experimentally validated by testing the interaction of NUP153 with capsid using an binding assay and a cell-based TRIM-NUP153C restriction assay. This work identified eight amino acids from P1411 to G1418 that stably engage with capsid, with significant correlations between the interactions predicted by molecular models and empirical experiments. This validated the usefulness of this multidisciplinary approach to rapidly characterize the interaction between human proteins and the HIV-1 capsid. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can infect nondividing cells by interacting with the host nuclear pore complex. The host nuclear pore protein NUP153 directly interacts with the HIV capsid to promote viral nuclear entry. This study used a multidisciplinary approach combining computational and experimental techniques to comprehensively map the effect of mutating the amino acids of NUP153 on HIV capsid interaction. This work showed a significant correlation between computational and empirical data sets, revealing that the HIV capsid interacted specifically with only six amino acids of NUP153. The simplicity of the interaction motif suggested other FG-containing motifs could also interact with the HIV-1 capsid. Furthermore, it was predicted that naturally occurring polymorphisms in human and nonhuman primates would disrupt NUP153 interaction with capsid, potentially protecting certain populations from HIV-1 infection.

Alternate JournalmSphere
PubMed ID36040047
PubMed Central IDPMC9599535
Grant ListP20 GM104420 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
P30 GM103324 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States